Illuminated Paris: Essays on Art and Lighting in the Belle Époque (Hardcover)
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The City of Light. For many, these four words instantly conjure late nineteenth-century Paris and the garish colors of Toulouse-Lautrec’s iconic posters. More recently, the Eiffel Tower’s nightly show of sparkling electric lights has come to exemplify our fantasies of Parisian nightlife. Though we reflect longingly on such scenes, in Illuminated Paris, Hollis Clayson shows that there’s more to these clichés than meets the eye. In this richly illustrated book, she traces the dramatic evolution of lighting in Paris and how artists responded to the shifting visual and cultural scenes that resulted from these technologies. While older gas lighting produced a haze of orange, new electric lighting was hardly an improvement: the glare of experimental arc lights—themselves dangerous—left figures looking pale and ghoulish. As Clayson shows, artists’ representations of these new colors and shapes reveal turn-of-the-century concerns about modernization as electric lighting came to represent the harsh glare of rapidly accelerating social change. At the same time, in part thanks to American artists visiting the city, these works of art also produced our enduring romantic view of Parisian glamour and its Belle Époque.
About the Author
Hollis Clayson is professor of art history and the Bergen Evans Professor in the Humanities at Northwestern University.
“Like Clayson’s groundbreaking Painted Love: Prostitution in French art of the Impressionist era (1991), Illuminated Paris peels away the layers of conventionally accepted opinion, offering a finely argued corrective to the romantic, brightly illuminated image of nocturnal Paris during the belle époque.”
— Times Literary Supplement
"Coining the term illumination discourse, Clayson contextualizes art and visual culture produced in late 19th-century Paris in relation to the forms of illumination such as gaslight and electric light used in the French capital during this period. . . . [an] erudite work."
— Library Journal
"Clayson is one of the best-known scholars working on the French nineteenth century; a new book from her is bound to be an event. The University of Chicago Press, Clayson’s longtime publishers, have made Illuminated Paris: Essays on Art and Lighting in the Belle Époque an especially beautiful book."
— Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide
"Emphasizing works that throw into relief the coexistence of diverse modes of lighting, the author constructs across the chapters an exciting analysis that, in addition to adding new insights for the history of art, contribute to perfecting our knowledge of everyday uses of illumination in the city, impacted by these transformations." (translated from original French)